Summer School 2013: External
Summer School: Introduction to Total Diet Studies for Assessing Exposure
Sunday 7th July-Friday 12th July 2013, INSA, Portugal
Total diet studies complement traditional monitoring and surveillance providing a scientific basis for population dietary exposure to contaminants and nutrients and the potential impact on public health. Food selection is based on (national) consumption data, prepared as eaten, and data from related foods pooled prior to analysis. TDS-Exposure is focussing on exposure to food contaminants including heavy metals, mycotoxins and persistent organic pollutants (POPs, e.g. polychlorinated biphenyls), which pose a risk to human health and the environment, and estimation of chronic exposure to pesticide residues in food as well as food additives intake. However, exposure is based on whole diets, as consumed, rather than contamination of raw commodities as previously measured, resulting in a more realistic measure of exposure to potentially harmful compounds than currently available.
TDS facilitate risk assessment and health monitoring, but some EU Member States and Candidate Countries do not have TDS programmes or use a variety of methods to collect data, and it is not clear whether data are comparable. It is important to harmonise methods for dietary exposure risks worldwide, and TDS-Exposure will standardise methods for food sampling, analyses, exposure assessment calculations and modelling, priority foods, and selection of chemical contaminants. In the process, a variety of approaches and methods for sampling and analyses will be assessed, and best practice defined. Priority contaminants for TDS and foods that contribute most to total exposure in Europe will also be established.
Information about these and existing European TDS will be published to promote better handling of dietary exposure data, and establish a legacy of harmonised methods and science-based recommendations for public health worldwide. In addition, TDS-Exposure is providing training, enabling best practice in the creation and execution of TDS programmes, and ensuring data collected are coherent with others studies globally. This TDS-Exposure Summer School is the first of three introducing key aspects of TDS and contaminant analysis.
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1. Programme description
The programme consists of five elements: (1) basic foundations of total diet studies (2) design and planning (3) sample preparation and analysis (4) exposure assessment and publication (5) quality management, each including aspects of theoretical and practical learning. Basic foundations of total diet studies will introduce TDS and planning as well as application of food consumption data in dietary assessment of contaminants; Design and planning will explain development of a food list, criteria for selecting chemical substances and populations of interest, sampling plans and collection of foods for TDS; Sample preparation and analysis will look at the culinary preparation of foods (as eaten) and a range of analytical issues, and how food databases are created and managed, and food information coded accurately; Exposure assessment and publication will explore data management using FoodCASE-Risk, exposure and risk assessment using MCRA, and how data should be processed and used appropriately; and Quality management will examine quality control approaches and documentation standards.
1.2 Educational objectives
The objectives of this Summer School are to introduce total diet studies, generally, and dietary exposure to contaminants, specifically: Explore the scientific and technical knowledge underpinning total diet studies for exposure assessment Provide insight into methods and approaches, and the quality of data Enable students to apply this knowledge in their expert field (e.g. public health, food technology, research).
1.3 Expected learning outcomes
a. Knowledge: account for the design and planning for total diet studies as well as their use in monitoring and surveillance in human health, particularly in respect of dietary contaminants. Describe food sampling, preparation and analysis, data collection and quality control, and identification and selection of relevant chemical substances and populations of interest. Explain the differences between data management and quality control options, and the principles underpinning each. Describe how research and healthcare messages should be formulated based on information from these studies, and maintain knowledge and access appropriate resources.
b. Skills: apply knowledge to carry out independent assessment of food and application of information from TDS/ TDS-Exposure as relevant to their field of expertise. Identify key aspects of TDS-Exposure research, comment on the potential and limitations, especially in exposure analysis. Understand the requirements for selecting foods, populations of interest and chemical contaminants. Use relevant IT-based tools to input and retrieve total diet study and exposure information, document and ensure data quality, and apply outcomes appropriately.
c. Competences: critically evaluate total diet studies information, particularly in reference to exposure to contaminants in specific populations. Demonstrate independent thinking in the application of information from total diet studies including exposure and national consumption patterns, and formulate healthcare messages based on these data. Participate effectively and with confidence in peer-group discussions developing/ applying information from total diet studies. Act autonomously in the creation, management and use of information from total diet studies including exposure assessment, and demonstrate skills relevant for future employment. Use lifelong learning skills for evaluation and critical thinking, and take responsibility for continuing professional development.
1.4 Career outcomes
The modules provide knowledge, skills and competence supporting an independent, professional role within international diet and health research, food manufacturing or aspects of healthcare.
1.5 Programme faculty and their credentials (CLICK)
- Gerald G. Moy
- Jiří Ruprich (SZU)
- Alexandra Papadopoulos (ANSES)
- Fanny Heraud (EFSA)
- Ruth Charrondiere (FAO)
- Laurence Castle (FERA)
- Stefan Voorspoels (VITO)
- Mark Roe (IFR)
- Karl Presser (ETHZ)
- Jacob van Klaveren (RIVM)
- Luísa Oliveira (INSA)
- Isabel Castanheira (INSA)
- Ana Morais
1.6 Contact information
Siân Astley, EuroFIR AISBL, 40 Rue Washington, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Telephone: +44 (0)754 869 8343, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Marina Rocha Pité, Departamento de Alimentação e Nutrição, Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge, Av. Padre Cruz, 1649-016 Lisbo, Portugal
Telephone: +35 121 7519310, email: email@example.com
2. Admission requirements
a. Standard undergraduate entry requirements
Applicant should have at least a Bachelor of Science at Honours level (BSc Hons) or equivalent in food science or another science subject (e.g. dietetics, biology or chemistry or completed the non-clinical teaching for undergraduate medicine). Those with degrees in other science or engineering topics will be accepted provided they have A-level(s) or equivalent (Advanced Higher or International Baccalaureate) in biology, biochemistry or human biology.
b. English language proficiency
These modules will be taught in English and are highly interactive. To benefit from the learning, candidates should be conversant in English and able to understand the lectures, take part in discussions and follow supplementary information.
Applications are complete and received before the deadline, and applicants meet the following criteria:
- Self-financing AND
- EU27, Candidate Country (Croatia [HR], Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia [MK], Iceland [IS], Montenegro [ME], Serbia [RS] and Turkey [TR])
- International cooperation partner countries, which are classified as low-, mower-middle- or upper-middle-income countries not including those associated with FP7 or entities established in Hong Kong, Macao or Taiwan http://bit.ly/qDWOs7
a. Application form – CALL CLOSED (next TDS-Exposure Summer School will be 2014)
Please read the notes on application (PDF)
External applications form (PDF) – once complete, please save the UNSIGNED form and print page 1 for signatures. A scanned copy of the SIGNED page 1 and the UNSIGNED electronic form should be sent to: Dr Siân Astley (firstname.lastname@example.org, EuroFIR AISBL).The application form is new and during testing some small problems arose. Largely, these can be avoided by:
- Using the most up-to-date version of Acrobat (reader)
- Saving the form to your hard disk before completing the various sections
- Please do not use Acrobat electronic signatures as this makes a simple process complicated
TDS- Exposure Summer School 2013 is only free-to-attend for staff and graduate students of TDS-Exposure Beneficiaries. These individuals should log on and use the internal application form or contact Dr Siân Astley (email@example.com, EuroFIR AISBL).
There are no bursaries or other financial support available.
You must comply with any Visa/ travel regulations applicable in your country and entry into Europe/ Portugal as well as your return to your country; TDS-Exposure takes no responsibility for this and no refund will be offered to those unable to attend because of failure to abide by these regulations.
|World Nation status based on GDP||1||2||3|
|PROFESSOR/ ASSOC. PROF. / RESEARCHER/ STAFF||1000 EUR||750 EUR||500 EUR|
|GRADUATE STUDENT/ EARLY-YEARS POST-DOC||200 EUR||100 EUR||50 EUR|
Terms and Conditions – CLICK HERE
Charges are based on national GDP (nominal 1st, 2nd and 3rd World Nations) as specified by the United Nations.
4. Programme overview
a. List of modules
- Introduction to TDS studies
- Criteria for selection of chemical substances and population targets
- Planning of TDS Food consumption databases and use in dietary assessments of contaminants
- Developing a food list including food classification systems
- Sampling plan
- Food collection for TDS
- Sample preparation and culinary operations
- Analytical Issues
- Langual and FoodEx2 including practical exercise
- Data management: FoodCASE-Risk
- Exposure and risk assessment: MCRA including practical exercise
- Uses of TDS information
- Quality management systems
b. Programme schedule
– for further details CLICK HERE
c. Description of exercises
Criteria for selection of chemical substances and population targets (Monday, 8th July 2013 14.00-15.30)
EXERCISE: (part 3 of the lecture) will consist in an application of the prioritization tool. Depending on time, the exercise could be about the definition of the weights allocated to prioritization criteria and/or the evaluation of one or several substances regarding the prioritization tool
Systems for describing food – LanguaL/FoodEx (Wednesday, 10th July 2013 14.00-18.00)
EXERCISE: The intention is to present an overview of the LanguaL and FoodEx tools and try to code some products and discuss the outcomes. Participants are encouraged to bring a few food labels (actual or printed label information) for a range of products from their own country, which they can try to code, either individually or in groups, and see what interesting problems arise. The value of the exercise is in getting an idea of what is involved and the difficulties. The systems are very comprehensive and complex so it will just be a snapshot with (hopefully) some interesting discussion but not necessarily all the answers!
Communication @ Public Health: share, involve and improve! (Wednesday 10th July 2013 20.00-21.30)
EXERCISE: We transfer facts, ideas, emotions, knowledge, attitudes and skills through communication. The aim of this informal session is to show the importance of communication to increase knowledge and awareness of a health issue, problem and its solutions.
Exposure assessment at the international level (Thursday 11th July 2013 11.00-12.30)
EXERCISE: Students will learn how to upload TDS data to the MCRA software and how to perform an exposure assessment with different input data.
Quality Management Principles and Practices suited to TDS (Friday, 11th July 2013 09.00-12.30)
EXERCISE: Describe a flowchart for TDS project at country-level and identify similarities and differences with a generic TDS flowchart– to be completed
d. Supplementary learning
- Castanheira I., Roe M., Westenbrink S., Ireland J., Møller A., Salvini, S. Beernaert H. Oseredczuk M. C, Calhau M. A. (2009) Establishing quality management systems for European food composition databases. Food Chemistry 113: 776-780
- Effective Media Communication during Public Health Emergencies (WHO Handbook); Theory at a Glance (National Cancer Institute, US Department of Health and Human Services) –
- EFSA (2011) Use of the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database in Exposure Assessment
- EFSA Scientific Report ‘Evaluation of the FoodEx, the food classification system applied to the development of the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database’ European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
- EFSA Scientific Report (2011) Report on the development of a Food Classification and Description System for exposure assessment and guidance on its implementation and use. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
- EFSA Technical Report (2011) The food classification and description system FoodEx 2. European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
- EFSA, FAO and WHO (2011) Towards a harmonised Total Diet Study approach: a guidance document. EFSA Journal, 9(11): 2450
- EFSA/FAO/WHO (2011) State of the art on total diet studies based on the replies to the EFSA/FAO/WHO questionnaire on national total diet study approaches. Prepared by the Working Group on Total Diet Studies, European Food Safety Agency, Parma
- FSA (Food Standards Agency UK), 2006. Guidelines for undertaking surveys. FSA, 92 pp.
- FSZANZ (Food Standards Australia New Zealand) 2008. 22nd Australian Total Diet Study: A total diet study of five trace elements: iodine, selenium, chromium, molybdenum, and nickel
- Greenfield H & Southgate DAT (2003) Food Composition Data: Production, management and use (2nd Edition). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome (IT) Part 1, Chapters 1-7, Part 2, Chapters 8-12
- Ireland J. & Møller A. Describing a food using LanguaL™ facets A-Z (2010-02-26)
- Ireland J., Møller A. (2000) Review of international food classification and description. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis13 (4), 529-538
- Leblanc JC (2006) Fish and seafood consumption study and biomarker of exposure to trace elements, pollutants and omega 3. CALIPSO, 160 pp.
- Lin, CC, Wang, WC & Yu, WD (2008) Improving AHP for construction with an adaptive AHP approach (A3) Automation in Construction 17: 180-187
- Møller A., Ireland J. LanguaL™ 2012 – The LanguaL™ Thesaurus, EuroFIR Nexus Technical Report D1.17a. Danish Food Information, 2013
- NZFSA (New Zealand Food Safety Authority), 2005. 2003-04 Total Diet Survey
- Overview of the procedures currently used by EFSA for the assessment of dietary exposure to different chemical substances. EFSA Journal 2011 9(12): 2490
- Principles and methods for the risk assessment of chemicals in food. Chapter 6: Dietary exposure assessment of chemicals in food. WHO, Environmental Health Criteria 240
- Transparency in Risk Assessment – Scientific Aspects on EFSA website. EFSA Journal (2009) 1051: 1-22
- WHO (1985) Guidelines for the Study of Dietary Intakes of Chemical Contaminants World Health Organization, Geneva
- WHO (2004) Total Diet Studies: A Recipe for Safer Food World Health Organization, Geneva
- WHO (World Health Organization), 2002. GEMS/Food Total Diet Studies. Report of the 2nd International Workshop on Total Diet Studies. Food Safety Programme Department Of Protection Of The Human Environment World Health Organization. Brisbane, Australia, 4-15 February 2002. WHO, Geneva, pp 56-58
- Saaty, TL (1980) The Analytic Hierarchy Process: Planning, Priority Setting, Resource Allocation. McGraw-Hill, NY
- Moy G and Vannoort R (in press) Total Diet Studies, Springer, New York
- Rehurkova I (2002) Monitoring of the dietary exposure of the population of chemical substances in the Czech Republic: design and history. Central European Journal of Public Health 10(4): 174-179
- Ruprich J, Rehurkova I (2002) “Chemon” – TDS project – dietary exposure to chemical substances, Proceedings from the Total Diet Study Sub-Regional Training Workshop, WHO GEMS/Food Euro, 25-30 November 2002, Brno, Czech Republic
- Sirot V, Volatier JL, Calamassi-Tran G, Dubuisson C, Menard C, Dufour A & Leblanc JC (2009). Core food of the French food supply: second Total Diet Study. Food Additives and Contaminants part A-Chemistry Analysis Control Exposure & Risk Assessment, 26 (5), 623-639
- Turrini A, Lombardi-Boccia G (2002) The formulation of the market basket for evaluating the Italian total diet 1994- 96. Nutrition Research 22(10): 1151-62
- FoodEx2 browsing tool DOWNLOAD
- The LanguaL™ Food Product Indexer, version 3.94, with the LanguaL™ 2009 Thesaurus DOWNLOAD
e. Review of learning
– CLICK HERE for questions
– model answers will be provided on request (firstname.lastname@example.org)